Harms of AI in education


Education is perceiving or providing others the systematic instructions. Every system includes advantages and disadvantages, in the same way, AI also has some Harms of AI in education. AI includes a large amount of personal data of students so if the proper privacy terms are not followed there is a great risk of data leakage. Those educational institutions that have limited resources may face the problem. Dependency upon AI can damage human creative ability. AI is also harmful in the educational system in the case that if any error during responding occurs from AI who will be responsible? Some AI algorithms are too complicated so this is not possible for everyone to understand. Now we are going to discuss the harmful effects of AI on education in detail.

The Rise of AI in Education

Artificial intelligence started playing its role in 1950. With time day by day, artificial intelligence becoming more advanced due to the advancement of the internet. Artificial intelligence is providing online learning for students which harmfully affects the study of students. Some harmful effects are given below.

1)How it Affects Student-Teacher Relationships:

Artificial intelligence cannot guide us like a teacher. It badly affects the relationship between students and teachers. We can trust a teacher but we cannot trust in AI all matters of education. A human teacher has feelings and emotions so he can teach according to the mood of a student so the student can easily understand and easily can gain knowledge about that topic. On the other hand side, AI has no feelings or emotions it can only provide information about a topic by giving attention to the mood and feelings of the student. AI can’t have the ability to guide the facial expressions or body language of a student. But day by day students are giving more attention to AI as compared to teachers. Also, it is Harms of AI in education that the relation between student and teacher is decreasing. So it is Harms of AI in education.

2)Emotional Intelligence (Harms of AI in education)

Artificial intelligence cannot feel emotion it can only provide information. It cannot guide a student according to their emotion but it can just provide information to the student. Artificial intelligence cannot develop emotional ability but it just develops learning ability.


Healthcare professionals can guide a patient through facial expression but artificial intelligence cannot guide regarding the emotions of the patient. So in this way, AI can provide only information without feelings and emotions to healthcare students.

3)Effect on Social Development of Education

Social developments are crucial aspects of human society.If AI systems don’t have emotional intelligence, it can greatly affect how students interact and work together.  Human connection is integral to effective education. Teachers, through their emotional intelligence, can gauge students’ needs, provide support, and create a positive learning environment. When students use AI in education then it affects the interaction between teacher and student because students get help for their studies from AI without interacting with the teacher. And give a large amount of time to AI which directly affects social development. Then students did not have the ability how to face the hard challenges of society. Emotional cues play a great role in communication, interactions, team dynamics, etc. When students use too much AI they do not know how to interact with anyone. Due to this education and society are badly affected so it harms AI in education

4)Losing Critical Thinking Skills:

One of the basic harms of AI in education is that student is losing their critical thinking skills. As we know all students use AI for their studies. When students have any problem they directly use AI and take information from AI without doing any research and do not use their skills to solve that particular problem. Due to this student has lost the power of creativity and do not generate new ideas to solve the problem by using their knowledge. Due to this the creative power of students is badly affected by AI. Students do not think about creative solutions for solving problems. They accept information without thinking from AI sources.

5) Error (Harms of AI in education)

As we know AI tools work based on algorithms. When there are any problems in the algorithms then it does not work properly and gives incorrect answers. When students use these tools for research they give incorrect information which directly affects their results. This incorrect result affects the whole education career and we face too many more difficulties related to that field in which we get in correct result. Because education fields are interconnected with each other. if AI gives us incorrect answers we cannot blame  AI. We by ourselves will be responsible for it.

6)Data Privacy and Security

When we use AI for study first we have to login. For login AI it needs some personal data for us. After collecting our data we do not know whether our data is safe or not. Maybe this data is used in the wrong direction by hackers for different purposes. Sometimes on AI, we store our educational data in AI tools so there is a great risk of data hacking.


AI in education brings both advantages and disadvantages. While AI’s evolution since the 1950s has facilitated online learning, it raises concerns about data privacy. The collection of personal student data poses a risk of data leakage and hacking. Moreover, AI’s lack of emotional intelligence impacts student-teacher relationships, as it cannot understand and respond to human emotions. Excessive reliance on AI may diminish social development, as students prioritize AI over personal interactions, hindering their ability to navigate societal challenges. Additionally, students may lose critical thinking skills by depending solely on AI for information, neglecting independent research. AI tools, operating on algorithms, may introduce errors, leading to inaccurate results. The use of AI in education necessitates careful consideration of its impact on privacy, emotional development, and critical thinking skills.

FAQs about the Harms of AI in education

Q1: How does AI impact student-teacher relationships?

A1: AI lacks the personal touch and emotional intelligence of human teachers, potentially straining relationships. Students’ increasing reliance on AI may lead to a decline in the student-teacher bond.

Q2: What is the effect of AI on social development?

A2: Excessive reliance on AI can reduce human interaction, affecting students’ ability to navigate societal challenges and compromising social development.

Q3: What harm does AI pose to students’ critical thinking skills?

A3: Dependency on AI for information without independent research can result in losing critical thinking skills, impacting creativity and problem-solving abilities.

Q4: How does AI affect emotional intelligence and social development?

A4: AI lacks emotional intelligence, hindering effective human interaction and impacting social development, as students may prioritize AI over personal interactions.

Q5: What are the risks associated with data privacy and security when using AI?

A5: The use of AI in education poses a significant threat to student privacy. Risks include data breaches and misuse by hackers, leading to potential data leakage.