AI and its types


AI and its types have become the most advantageous and well-known technology in the current digital era. It revolutionizes our lives by simplifying tasks and gaining control over various domains, from students and automobile drivers to virtual personal assistants. AI is now a main part of our daily lives, providing personal gain to everyone. Its ability to perform excellent work and save lives has made it essential. AI eliminates laborious tasks, responding to commands and providing desired information effortlessly. With AI tools consistently delivering outstanding results, we can save significant time. The objective of this blog is to provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of AI and its forms, emphasizing its use, advantages, and applications. if you are a student or any relation with AI you must study AI and its types. In this blog, we will deeply discuss AI and its types.

The meaning of artificial intelligence:

AI and its Types

Making a computer system intelligent and capable of making judgments

is referred to as artificial intelligence (AI). The process of teaching a computer or other machine to think and respond to stimuli is just like a human brain. A machine’s capacity to mimic human intelligence and behavior. The discipline of computer science and technology known as artificial intelligence is utilized to build machines that are controlled by human intellect to carry out tasks.

Foundation and history of artificial intelligence

Alan Turing, (the father of modern science), first put out the concept of artificial intelligence in 1950 through a quiz known as the “turning test.”

The first robotic game that played itself by acting particularly corny was released in 1955.

The phrase “artificial intelligence” was first coined by John McCarthy, considered the father of AI. In 1956, John McCarthy made the first official mention of artificial intelligence. American computer scientist John McCarthy first used the word “AI” in 1956 at a conference in Dartmouth, New Hampshire. The purpose of the conference was to create an intelligent machine. John McCarthy has made a substantial contribution to the development of AI.

MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

in AI the first MIT lab was established in 1959.


Shaky was the first artificially intelligent robot built by scientists at the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) in 1966.


Eliza was the name of the first chat-boot computer designed to promote conversation with people. I was introduced to the MIT lab. In 1966, Eliza was also first introduced.  Eliza was created by a computer scientist named Joseph Weizenbaum

DEEP BLUE (Playing game)

In 1955, the first robotic game was introduced, named Deep Blue, to play itself by playing especially cheesy. This was the first AI robot to play a game and win a human.

Autonomous vehicle

Stanford AI introduced the inaugural autonomous vehicle in 1974.

Alpha Go

DeepMind developed a program named AlphaGo in 2016, which defeated the world champion Go player, Lee Sedol.

Voice assistant

AI is used to develop digital assistants like Siri, Google Assistant, Alexa, and Cortana. These assistants understand user inputs and deliver relevant responses .They employ AI algorithms to process natural language, recognize patterns, and deliver helpful information or perform tasks based on user commands. These digital assistants have become increasingly prevalent in our daily lives, offering convenient ways to interact with technology and access information or services through voice commands. ( AI and its Types)

TWO Main Types OF AI ( AI and its types)

There are two primary types of AI, which can be further classified into subtypes. Here are the types:

 Base on capabilities AI:

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be broadly classified into two major types based on their capabilities. Here are some key points about these types:

  • It is base on machine learning machine learning is actually the process in which the AI receives the information from the machine such as computer in the form of algorithm , symbols and codes and then convert it into an understandable and easy language  for the readers.
  • The second capability is natural language processing in which the Ai system understand human language in both forms spoken and written it perform different task such as text analysis, speech recognitions etc.
  • The capability of AI is that it works in the form of reboot and with the help of that reboot we can perform different physical tasks. Different reboots are design to perform different physical task it consume our time and provide us an accurate result.
  • It is the capability of AI system that it collect visual information from different videos and images and then with the help of that visual information it can easily perform different tasks such as face recognition, image generation, image classification etc.
  • The AI system is an expert system because it stimulates human experts’ knowledge and decision-making capability in different ways. The AI expert helps people in various fields like medical, financial, and engineering writing and provides them with special advice and decisions.
  • The AI system learns through trial and error by interacting with the environment and receiving feedback from the environment in the form of reward or punishment.

Narrow AI: ( AI and its Types)

It is the type of AI and its Types which is designed to perform only one specific task is called Narrow artificial intelligence it can perform only one task for which it is made. It cannot perform other task. For specific task specific AI tool is design which can solve that task 

  • Narrow Limited AI lacks the ability to understand a vast context it understand just a specific task for which it is design.
  • Narrow AI is not cognizant this mean that it lack emotion, feelings it can perform only those function which are include in their algorithm
  • Narrow AI is not conscious they have no emotion they cannot think.

General AI:

General AI is the type of AI in which the AI contain human like intelligence and can perform many task of different domain. Although it lack human like emotions but it resemble the intellectual power of human beings.

  • It is one of the basic advantages of general AI that it has revolutionized the world in the best way for the benefit of living beings.
  • AI helps us to create such machines which would perform tasks as according to human ability.
  • It is the capability of general AI that it can predict on the basis of patterns it also can generate new ideas of learning ,reasoning and problem solving.
  • With the help of general AI ( AI and its Types) we can create a modified environment that can help us in every field of life such as medical, industrial, nuclear, technological and much more other field.
  • With the help of general AI we can generate any type of technology but instead of generating any technology first we must ensured that it is not harmful for the environment.  

Super AI:

Super AI is much more powerful than general AI it works above the human intellectual ability In front of super AI the human intellectual ability fails.

  • Super AI perform complex task in a very short time.
  • It can give results of large amounts of data in a very short time and the speed of calculation of super AI is too fast and we can save our time by using super AI tools for different purposes.
  • It can create a great variety of revolution this means that it can revolutionize a society on a global scale.
  • It is very beneficial in every aspect of life like if we look at the health care so super AI play an important role in discovering such technological gadgets which could easily treat the very sensitive parts of our body also it can help in industrial revolution and can make the world much richer.  
  • It could easily bring advancement in science. ( AI and its Types)

Based on Function:

( AI and its Types)Based on its function, AI is designed to perform specific tasks incorporated into its algorithms, making it known as “based on function AI.” This type of AI excels in carrying out precise and accurate tasks without deviation, making it valuable for applications in manufacturing and logistics.

Main point:
  • Based on function plays an important role in every aspect of life because it gives too high a level of predictability and reliability and gives accurate and precise value that other AI cannot match.
  • Based on function AI is used in such a field where an error has a serious side effect and case to much
  • Lose  in that field such health finance industries etc so these field use base on function AI because it give accurate and precise value and chance of error is too much decreased as compare to other AI.
  • According to function AI is very beneficial in providing us such products which are cheaper but more efficient and beneficial in our daily lives and these products will also help us in saving our time.AI can also give opportunity to great workers to work on more complex and creative task.
  • When we give any complex task so the AI base on function break that task to simple and short forms and after solving that task again the AI base on function combine that task in proper sequence and provide us the outcome of that task in a very limited time due to this ability of AI it is very ideal and useful for industries because industries required precise and accurate outcome for any project in a limited time that’s why AI base on function play an important role in industrial revolution

Reactive Machine:

In AI and its Types we will also briefly discuss that What is the reactive machine? Those AI machines which are designed to detect changes in the environment is called reactive machine these machine are designed to catch the changes in the environment and quickly respond to them. Reactive machines used sensors and advanced technology for detected problems in the environment. With the help of reactive machine, we can collect large numbers of from the environment in a short interval of time. With the help of reactive machine, we can control that problem that can cause negative changes in the environment.

Main Points:
  • With the help of reactive  machine, we can  collect data from the environment and work on those problems of life due to which we are facing difficulties in the environment and can solve those problems and lead a happy life   
  • With the help of an AI reactive machine, we design such a machine that can keep the environment balanced.
  • Reactive machines are automatic devices that operate without human intervention, proving to be highly valuable in today’s modern and technological world. They find application in various fields, such as self-driving cars, where they eliminate the need for drivers and enhance safety by adhering to traffic rules. Additionally, modern blood pressure checking machines exemplify the usefulness of these automatic devices by providing accurate readings for patients. There are numerous other machines across different domains that offer similar benefits.
  • If we look at the future of reactive machines so it is exciting because it predicts the possibility to explore space and also it is helpful in agriculture because through reactive machines we would improve irrigation, and fertilization system and would produce a lot of beneficial crops.

Limited memory AI:

Limited memory AI is a data-efficient approach that relies on past experiences, requiring less data and processing power than classical AI.

  • Limited memory AI is preferred by many companies for getting faster results.
  • For making future decision limited memory AI get idea from past experiences. 
  • Limited memory AI mimics the human brain, revolutionizing the world by focusing on relevant information for modernization and advancement.
  • Limited AI aids in accurate patient diagnosis by providing data on the patient and disease type for any medical condition.
  • Limited AI excels in natural language processing, responding to various languages, making it invaluable for chatbots and conversational tools.
  • In the future, limited AI has the potential to enhance our lives by optimizing energy consumption in homes and smart buildings.


Theory of mind is a specialized field that focuses on designing robotic machines capable of understanding human emotions and responding to them accordingly .These machines possess the capability to comprehend and empathize with people’s emotional states, enabling them to provide appropriate and sensitive responses.

  • Machines designed to understand and empathize with emotions, providing appropriate and sensitive responses to people’s emotional states.
  •  This task is a little bit challenging  in the sense  that in the human mind there is a great influence
  •  Of culture and society while these machines are free from any type of influence they just work on the basis of an algorithm.
  • As the feelings, emotion, thought, idea, beliefs of every person is totally different from other people so the theory of mind AI deal with the cognitive ability of an individual in a better way.
  • Theory of mind AI recognized human intentions and emotions that’s why it interacts with human being more effectively.


It is a system that contains similar consciousness and awareness as human beings possess. this is least but not last part of AI and its Types blog

  • Researchers are diligently exploring and striving to emulate the complex essence of human consciousness through the application of this particular form of artificial intelligence.
  • Developing such type of system is complex because it needs deep study, recognition, and experience of human consciousness.
  • This type of system raises ethical inquiry about the tremor of such system on society.


There are two main types of artificial intelligence (AI)( AI and its Types)

1. Base on capabilities:

This type of AI is based on machine learning and natural language processing. It can perform tasks such as text analysis and speech recognition.

2. General AI:

This type of AI contains human-like intelligence and can perform various tasks in various domains. It can predict patterns and generate new ideas for learning, reasoning, and problem-solving. It can create modified environments that can help various fields, such as medical, industrial, nuclear, and technological.

3. Super AI:

This type of AI is more powerful than general AI and can perform complex tasks in a short time. It can provide large amounts of data and fast calculations, saving time and bringing about significant revolutions in various aspects of life, such as healthcare and industrial revolutions.

4. Base on function:

It ensures high levels of predictability and reliability, making it particularly valuable in industries where errors can have serious consequences and lead to losses. Sectors such as healthcare and finance greatly benefit from this type of AI, as it guarantees accuracy and precision in their operations.

5. Reactive machine:

This type of AI is designed to detect changes in the environment and quickly respond to them. It uses sensors and advanced technology to detect problems in the environment and collect data to address them. Reactive machines can also help maintain environmental balance and guide the design of new technologies.


Q1: What is artificial intelligence (AI)?

A1: Artificial intelligence, or AI, refers to the process of making computer systems intelligent and capable of making judgments. It involves teaching computers or machines to think and respond to stimuli, similar to a human brain. AI imitates human intelligence and behavior, and its applications span across diverse industries where it carries out tasks.

Q2: What are the two main types of AI based on capabilities?

A2: The two main types of AI based on capabilities are:

Based on capabilities

AI: This type includes machine learning, natural language processing, physical task performance, expert systems, and learning through trial and error.

General AI:

This type resembles human-like intelligence and can perform tasks across different domains, predict patterns, generate new ideas, and create modified environments.

Q3: What are the types of AI based on function?

A3: The types of AI based on function are:

Reactive machine: These AI machines detect changes in the environment and respond quickly. They use sensors and advanced technology to collect data and address problems in the environment.

Limited memory AI: This type relies on past experiences and requires less data and processing power compared to classical AI models.

Theory of mind AI: This AI focuses on understanding human emotions and responses to interact more effectively.

Self-awareness AI: This type aims to replicate and understand the complex nature of human consciousness, although it is still a subject of ongoing research.

Q4: What is the difference between narrow AI and general AI?

A4: Narrow AI is designed for specific tasks and lacks a broad understanding. It works within limited domains and lacks emotions or consciousness. On the other hand, general AI has human-like intelligence and can perform tasks across different domains, but it doesn’t possess human emotions.

Q5: How can AI benefit different industries?

A5: AI offers numerous benefits across various industries. It provides reliability, predictability, accuracy, and time savings. Its applications in healthcare, finance, manufacturing, logistics, and more enhance efficiency, decision-making, and productivity. AI has the potential to revolutionize industries and create a connected and advanced world.